Cambodian National Development 

Cambodian National Development 

Cambodia faced political upheavals, struggles, complexity and changes since she was decolonized from the French administration until the cease of civil war by the 1991 Paris Peace Accord. The national development agendas have always focused on the necessity to reorganize the society, reunite the nation and transform Cambodia into a modern and civilized state. Education has always been considered key machinery to achieve these goals. In the new national development context, Cambodia’s vision is to transform herself to an upper-middle income country by 2030 and a developed country by 2050. The quality human capital is the driving force in realizing Cambodian visions.

Quality education is an inevitable tool to be used to develop the quality human capital. Within the complexed history, society and political structure of Cambodia, her education needs a tremendous and systematic reform and concerted efforts from every level of society to improve quality and relevance of learning and instruction. Teachers are the driving force of the Cambodian education system. Yet, the current basic education is served primarily by poor performing teachers with non-tertiary qualifications, under-qualified contract teachers, less accountable teachers and absenteeism[4]. Improving teaching quality in Cambodia has become the subject of policy discussions in the last decades[5]. Rather than blaming the teachers for these deficiencies, the proposed research, through the phenomenological investigation, explores how the teachers in Cambodia see themselves in the teaching profession and provides insights and suggestions for improvement.  

Find out more about the Overarching Research Goal

Find out more about how this research addresses Gender Equality and Quality Education.  

This project is funded by the Irish Research Council.

Irish Research Council



[4] Prateek Tandon, Tsuyoshi Fukao, and Bank World, Educating the Next Generation: Improving Teacher Quality in Cambodia. Directions in Development(World Bank, 2015).

[5] L. Benveniste, J.  Marshall, and Araujo M. C., Teaching in Cambodia. (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2008).